Have you heard of Peruvian ceviche, guinea pig or chicken chili? Whether you know them or not, read on. In this article of Homemade Cooking, we tell you these typical dishes of Peru and many more. Let’s discover what to eat in peru?
What to eat in peru?
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Peruvian cuisine is one of the most complex and with more typical dishes. In the book “357 lists to understand how we are Peruvians” they have up to 491 typical dishes. More than 2,500 types of different soups have been registered throughout the Peruvian coast and more than 250 typical desserts. Some of the ingredients that most users are: rice, meat, potato, and chili.
Peruvian cuisine is the result of a mixture between the traditional cuisine of ancient Peru with the Spanish culinary culture that was most influenced by the Arabs and with the gastronomic customs brought by the sub-Saharan slaves. Later this kitchen was influenced by the French when fleeing their own country and taking refuge in Peru. Without forgetting the Asian influence that came in the nineteenth century with the migrations of Chinese and Japanese. In summary, Peruvian food has a flavor of four continents and continues to evolve.
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The ceviche or ceviche is one of the most important and famous dishes of Peru. He is so devoted that his preparation has expanded in many Latin American countries. However, Peruvian ceviche is reputed to be the best and the one that achieves a marriage between ingredients of sea and mountain so good.
The dish consists of bathing the fish in a bowl with lots of lemons, chili, purple onion, cilantro, salt, pepper and let it rest for about half an hour. The most commonly used fish are grouper, sole, corvina, and tilapia. To accompany it, it can be served with yucca, corn, sweet potato, etc.
The anticuchos consist of pieces of beef heart meat (cow) that are stuck in the sticks. Usually seasoned with ají panca and can be served with corn, potatoes, and chili. Also, it is a tradition to eat it together with a glass of Peruvian chicha morada (a typical drink).
Grilled chicken is one of the most consumed dishes in Peru. In addition to cheap and easy to make, it has a taste that everyone likes, making it the most used option when it comes to having to cook for a family reunion. The chicken is prepared seasoned to taste and in a special oven, where some rods make the chicken turn on itself. Most of the time the grilled chicken is served with potatoes and salad.
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It is such a typical dish that on July 16 it is officially celebrated the ” Day of the Chicken to the Brass, ” and in the Museum of Gastronomy of Peru, there is a specific section dedicated to the elaboration of those above.
Ají de gallina is one of the most indispensable dishes of Peru and is a fusion between Peruvian and Spanish cuisine. The chicken is one of the animals that are presumed to have the best flavor. Also, the second main ingredient is chili, which is consumed a lot in Peru and has a spicy flavor. It is prepared with the chopped hen, bread, green or yellow chili, milk, and broth. To serve it, it is accompanied by olives, boiled egg, potatoes and, of course, rice.
Huancaina’s style potato
Peru, being one of the countries richest in potatoes (which has more types of potatoes), has a great multitude of ways to cook with them. Among them is the potato to huancaína. This recipe was born in the city of Huancayo and can be consumed as a starter or as a main dish. It is a very easy dish to make, very tasty and typical of Peruvian holidays. When preparing it, cook the yellow potato along with the yellow pepper, salt, cookies, milk, and bread. To accompany it usually take black olives, lettuce, and hard-boiled egg.
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The cause filled or simply cause another of the typical dishes of Peru. The name comes from the expression in Quechua ” kausay,” which means ” necessary food or sustenance.” Again the main ingredient is the yellow potato, which is prepared with chili, lemon, and corn (a type of corn typical of Peru). As a filling, the most typical thing is that it varies fundamentally between two ingredients: chicken and tuna. Also, you can add almost any ingredient to taste and, to accompany the dish, it is served together with rice, avocado, hard-boiled egg, olives, and lettuce.
Olluquito with charqui
The obliquity with charqui is the most autochthonous dish of Peru, and this is because its two main ingredients are grown only in certain areas of the country. The olluco is a species of potato or tuber that grows in the Andes, and the charqui is the typical llama (or alpaca) meat that is always related to Peru. It is usually served together with rice.
Lomo saltado is one of the dishes influenced by the Asian culinary culture that came with the migrations. The main proof of this influence is that it is cooked in a wok- style pan. Among the ingredients used are the meat (especially beef), onion, tomato, peppers, cumin, green chili, garlic, and chips. One of the most typical ways to drink this dish is accompanied by pisco, which is a traditional Peruvian drink.
Although it sounds very simple, rice with chicken is one of the most typical meals in Peru. Its appearance is very similar to the Valencian paella. It is a very tasty dish that is prepared with many ingredients, including rice, parsley, spinach, peas, carrots, chicken and onions. When serving the dish is usually accompanied by potatoes to Huancaína.
The pachamanca is another of the most traditional dishes of Peru. The name comes from an expression in Quechua in which Pacha means land and Manka refers to a pot. The typical way to prepare this dish is by cooking different meats in the heat of hot stones. The meats can be the cow, pork, chicken, guinea pig, etc., and are prepared with chinch, cumin, chili, huacatay, pepper, and different spices. To accompany the dish, they are usually served together with vegetables, potatoes, beans, cassava, corn, banana and sometimes cheese and humitas.
These are the foods and typical dishes of Peru. All foods name are used in their local languages.