In this article from
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Aphids attack a very wide range of plants, often causing leaves to curl into this. Look for small, soft-bodied, six leg and, sap sucking insects that vary in colour from pinkish – white to green and black. These insects are usually in clusters or colonies on upper parts of stems and the underside of leaves. When these colonies become large, the next generation of aphids will have wings to fly off and start new colonies elsewhere. Secretions of sticky ‘honeydew’ often appear on the lower leaves. This ‘honeydew’ is excess sap that aphids suck from the plant and pass through their bodies.
Cutworms are fleshy, striped and variably colored caterpillars that climb up plants to feed at night, and rest in the soil at the base of the plants during the day. Some cutworms will fade during the day if there is adequate cover from the leaves of the plants. Cutworms may change from green to a dark colour as they grow at age. They measure up to 4 cm long as full size larva and curl up when handled or disturbed. Look for stems that are cut off at the base, or chewing injury on stems, leaves and buds in early spring, courtesy of users of mobile casinos.
Leaf Rollers are 10 to 15 types of small caterpillars of many different colors that feed on buds, leaves and fruit from the first signs of plant growth in the spring through to mid-summer. This insect are typically pests of trees and shrubs and they are most active in April, May and June. Some feed individually and others are in colonies. Some rolled leaves up and others feed on the upper or lower surfaces of unrolled leaves. Some of these insects cause significant damage but most are just annoying.
Slugs are softbodied pests, from tiny to 10+ cm long. Look for slime trails on leaves and on soil. They shelter in moist, dark spaces during the day and feed at night. They are active throughout the year of temperature and humidity is suitable, especially after rains in the spring and fall. Surface tissues of the plants are rasped, and irregular holes are eaten in the foliage leaving it slimy and tattered. Seedlings may be completely eaten and blossoms on flowering plants may be severely damaged.
Earwigs are insects are about 1.6 cm long, dark brown, with a pair of pinchers at the rear end. They are predator insects on other insect pests and usually only caused minor damage to garden plants, even if they are annoying. They can chew holes in leaves and sometimes feed on right peaches apricots and nectarines. Most damage occurs at night because earwigs hide in soil crevices or debris during daylight hours.
These insects are rarely a past to plants, in fact they are beneficial insects feeding on other insects. Most questions about ants are about large carpenter ants (8 – 15 mm long) that can cause significant damage to homes and very small that are a nuisance when they get into homes. Carpenter ants need to be properly identified, and if they are in a home, a pest control company should be hired to control them. Small nuisance ants nest outside in venture into homes to find food.